Unlock your guide to effective pest and insect management
Expert-authored guide to pest and beneficial insect life cycles and behavior.
The Applied Bio-nomics Ltd. technical manual was created in 1993 by Don Elliot and researchers at Applied Bio-nomics Ltd. Additional expertise was provided by renowned Canadian researchers Dave Gillespie, Norm Tonks, Bob Costello, Jack Arrand, Marilyn Steiner, Linda Gilkenson, and Jim Matteoni. Although the recommendations for use in crops have evolved over the years to meet changing situations, especially since our switch to non-refrigerated products, the technical manual continues to be a useful resource for researchers and growers as a reference to pest and beneficial insect life cycles and behavior. For up-to-date crop recommendations, please see our Crops section and check-in regularly for updated information.